✟ God the Sanctifier ✟
The Sacraments
Revealed Truth (Defined Dogma)

All the Sacraments of the New Covenant confer Sanctifying Grace on the receivers.

Lay Catechist Notes/Associated Doctrines
    Sanctifying Grace is the indwelling of the Holy Trinity (typically attributed to the Holy Spirit but actually includes all three Persons). With Sanctifying Grace comes life for the soul, holiness for the individual (and the opportunity to grow in holiness), an entitlement to a share in eternal Divine life (Heaven), and the earning of salutary merit (merit that contributes to heavenly glory). Two sacraments, Baptism and Penance, are considered sacraments of the "dead" because they are administered to individuals who either have never been baptized (and are therefore lacking in Sanctifying Grace due to Original Sin), or, having been baptized, have fallen in to mortal sin and have lost the possession of Sanctifying Grace. All the other sacraments are considered sacraments of the "living", meaning the sacraments can only be validly received by persons who are in the possession of Sanctifying Grace. Sacraments of the living strengthen and grow Sanctifying Grace for the recipient.

    Associated Catholic Doctrine(s):
    1. "Each individual sacrament confers a specific sacramental grace." (sententia communis)
Divine Revelation (Scriptural Proof)
  • 5Jesus answered: Amen, amen I say to thee, unless a man be born again of water and the Holy Ghost, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. (John 3:5)
  • 5Not by the works of justice, which we have done, but according to his mercy, he saved us, by the laver of regeneration, and renovation of the Holy Ghost; (Titus 3:5)
  • 26That he might sanctify it, cleansing it by the laver of water in the word of life: (Ephesians 5:26)
  • 17Then they laid their hands upon them, and they received the Holy Ghost. (Acts 8:17)
  • 6For which cause I admonish thee, that thou stir up the grace of God which is in thee, by the imposition of my hands. (2 Timothy 1:6)
  • 23Whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them; and whose sins you shall retain, they are retained. (John 20:23)
  • 55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day. (John 6:55)
Catechism of the Catholic Church
  • 1123  "The purpose of the sacraments is to sanctify men, to build up the Body of Christ and, finally, to give worship to God. Because they are signs they also instruct. They not only presuppose faith, but by words and objects they also nourish, strengthen, and express it. That is why they are called 'sacraments of faith.'"
Ecumenical Council Documents
  • General Council of Trent (1545)
    • Decree Concerning The Sacraments -  Foreword
      • "For the completion of the salutary doctrine on justification, which was promulgated with the unanimous consent of the Fathers in the last session, it has seemed proper to deal with the most holy sacraments of the Church,  through which all true justice [ santifying grace ] either begins, or being begun is increased, or being lost is restored ."
    • Canons On The Sacraments In General
      • Canon 6. If anyone says that the sacraments of the New Law do not contain the grace which they signify, or that they do not confer that grace on those who place no obstacles in its way , as though they were only outward signs of grace or justice received through faith and certain marks of Christian profession, whereby among men believers are distinguished from unbelievers, let him be anathema."
      • Canon 7.  If anyone says that grace, so far as God's part is concerned, is not impaired through the sacraments always and to all men even if they receive them rightly, but only sometimes and to some persons, let him be anathema .
Papal Encyclical Documents
  • Mystici Corporis Christi (1943) - The Mystical Body of Christ - Pius XII
    • "18. Now we see that the human body is given the proper means to provide for its own life, health and growth, and for that of all its members. Similarly,  the Savior of mankind out of His infinite goodness has provided in a wonderful way for His Mystical Body, endowing it with the Sacraments, so that, as though by an uninterrupted series of graces, its members should be sustained from birth to death, and that generous provision might be made for the social needs of the Church ."

  • Dominum Et Vivificantem (1986) - The Lord and Giver of Life - John Paul II
    • "This also happens because,  by the will of her Lord, through the individual sacraments the Church fulfills her salvific ministry to man . This sacramental ministry, every time it is accomplished, brings with it the mystery of the "departure" of Christ through the Cross and the Resurrection, by virtue of which the Holy Spirit comes. He comes and works: "He gives life." For the sacraments signify grace and confer grace: they signify life and give life . The Church is the visible dispenser of the sacred signs, while the Holy Spirit acts in them as the invisible dispenser of the life which they signify. Together with the Spirit, Christ Jesus is present and acting."