✟ God the Consummator ✟
For the Individual Human
Revealed Truth (Defined Dogma)

The punishment of Hell lasts for all eternity.

Lay Catechist Notes/Associated Doctrines
    Similar to the eternal nature of Heaven, Hell will last for ever and ever with no end. Those who die in sin and without Sanctifying Grace in their souls (and therefore no presence of the indwelling of the Holy Trinity), are condemned to Hell. Those condemned to Hell will receive a punishment of pain commensurate with the evil they committed while living on earth.

    Associated Catholic Doctrine(s):
    1. The punishment of the damned is proportioned to each one's guilt." (sententia communis)
Divine Revelation (Scriptural Proof)
  • 2And many of those that sleep in the dust of the earth, shall awake: some unto life everlasting, and others unto reproach, to see it always. (Daniel 12:2)
  • 19And they shall fall after this without honour, and be a reproach among the dead for ever: for he shall burst them puffed up and speechless, and shall shake them from the foundations, and they shall be utterly laid waste: they shall be in sorrow, and their memory shall perish. (Wisdom 4:19)
  • 24And they shall go out, and see the carcasses of the men that have transgressed against me: their worm shah not die, and their fire shall not be quenched: and they shall be a loathsome sight to all flesh. (Isaiah 66:24)
  • 21For he will give fire, and worms into their flesh, that they may burn, and may feel for ever. (Judith 16:21)
  • 8And if thy hand, or thy foot scandalize thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee. It is better for thee to go into life maimed or lame, than having two hands or two feet, to be cast into everlasting fire. (Matthew 18:8)
  • 41Then he shall say to them also that shall be on his left hand: Depart from me, you cursed, into everlasting fire which was prepared for the devil and his angels. (Matthew 25:41)
  • 46And these shall go into everlasting punishment: but the just, into life everlasting. (Matthew 25:46)
  • 42And if thy hand scandalize thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life, maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into unquenchable fire: 43Where there worm dieth not, and the fire is not extinguished. (Mark 9:42-43)
Catechism of the Catholic Church
  • 1022 Each man receives his eternal retribution in his immortal soul at the very moment of his death, in a particular judgment that refers his life to Christ: either entrance into the blessedness of heaven-through a purification or immediately, -or immediate and everlasting damnation.
      At the evening of life, we shall be judged on our love.
Ecumenical Council Documents
  • 4th General Council of the Lateran (1215)
    • 1. Confession of Faith
      • "He will come at the end of time to judge the living and the dead, to render to every person according to his works, both to the reprobate and to the elect. All of them will rise with their own bodies, which they now wear, so as to receive according to their deserts, whether these be good or bad;  for the latter perpetual punishment with the devil , for the former eternal glory with Christ."
Fathers and Doctors of the Church Documents
  • De Civitate Dei (Book 11) (426) - City of God - Augustine
    • Chapter 9: Of Hell, and the Nature of Eternal Punishments.
      • " So then what God by His prophet has said of the everlasting punishment of the damned shall come to pass — shall without fail come to pass—their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched. Isaiah 66:24 I n order to impress this upon us most forcibly, the Lord Jesus Himself, when ordering us to cut off our members, meaning thereby those persons whom a man loves as the most useful members of his body, says, It is better for you to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched; where their worm dies not, and their fire is not quenched ."
    • Chapter 10: Whether the Fire of Hell, If It Be Material Fire, Can Burn the Wicked Spirits, that is to Say, Devils, Who are Immaterial.
      • "I would indeed say that these spirits will burn without any body of their own, as that rich man was burning in hell when he exclaimed, I am tormented in this flame, Luke 16:24 were I not aware that it is aptly said in reply, that that flame was of the same nature as the eyes he raised and fixed on Lazarus, as the tongue on which he entreated that a little cooling water might be dropped, or as the finger of Lazarus, with which he asked that this might be done—all of which took place where souls exist without bodies. Thus, therefore, both that flame in which he burned and that drop he begged were immaterial, and resembled the visions of sleepers or persons in an ecstasy, to whom immaterial objects appear in a bodily form.  For the man himself who is in such a state, though it be in spirit only, not in body, yet sees himself so like to his own body that he cannot discern any difference whatever. But that hell, which also is called a lake of fire and brimstone, Revelation 20:10 will be material fire, and will torment the bodies of the damned, whether men or devils,— the solid bodies of the one, aerial bodies of the others; or if only men have bodies as well as souls, yet the evil spirits, though without bodies, shall be so connected with the bodily fires as to receive pain without imparting life. One fire certainly shall be the lot of both, for thus the truth has declared ."
    • Chapter 11: Whether the Angels that Fell Partook of the Blessedness  Which the Holy Angels Have Always Enjoyed from the Time of Their Creation.
      • "For if they had equally participated in this true knowledge, then the evil angels would have remained eternally blessed equally with the good, because they were equally expectant of it. For, though a life be never so long, it cannot be truly called eternal if it is destined to have an end; for it is called life inasmuch as it is lived, but eternal because it has no end.  Wherefore, although everything eternal is not therefore blessed ( for hell-fire is eternal ), yet if no life can be truly and perfectly blessed except it be eternal, the life of these angels was not blessed, for it was doomed to end, and therefore not eternal, whether they knew it or not ."

  • De Civitate Dei (Book 21) (426) - City of God - Augustine
    • Chapter 16: The Laws of Grace, Which Extend to All the Epochs  of the Life of the Regenerate.
      • "And let him not fancy that there are any purgatorial pains except before that final and dreadful judgment.  We must not, however deny that even the eternal fire will be proportioned to the deserts of the wicked, so that to some it will be more, and to others less painful, whether this result be accomplished by a variation in the temperature of the fire itself, graduated according to every one's merit, or whether it be that the heat remains the same, but that all do not feel it with equal intensity of torment ."