✟ God the Creator ✟
The Divine Act of Creation
Revealed Truth (Defined Dogma)

All that exists outside God was, in its whole
substance, produced out of nothing by God.

Lay Catechist Notes/Associated Doctrines
    God is the only thing that must exist - He cannot "not" exist. Everything else that ever came in to existence (or will come in to existence) is dependent on the original "must exist" in order to be called in to existence. Time and space itself are a created entity that comes from God.

    Associated Catholic Doctrine(s):
    1. "The world is the work of the Divine Wisdom." (sententia certa)
Divine Revelation (Scriptural Proof)
  • 1In the beginning God created heaven, and earth. 2And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters. (Genesis 1:1-2)
  • 18For thy almighty hand, which made the world of matter without form, was not unable to send upon them a multitude of bears, or fierce lions, (Wisdom 11:18)
  • 12Thine are the heavens, and thine is the earth: the world and the fulness thereof thou hast founded: 13the north and the sea thou hast created. Thabor and Hermon shall rejoice in thy name: (Psalms 88:12-13)
Catechism of the Catholic Church
  • 296 We believe that God needs no pre-existent thing or any help in order to create, nor is creation any sort of necessary emanation from the divine substance. God creates freely "out of nothing":
      If God had drawn the world from pre-existent matter, what would be so extraordinary in that? A human artisan makes from a given material whatever he wants, while God shows his power by starting from nothing to make all he wants.
  • 297 Scripture bears witness to faith in creation "out of nothing" as a truth full of promise and hope. Thus the mother of seven sons encourages them for martyrdom:
      I do not know how you came into being in my womb. It was not I who gave you life and breath, nor I who set in order the elements within each of you. Therefore the Creator of the world, who shaped the beginning of man and devised the origin of all things, will in his mercy give life and breath back to you again, since you now forget yourselves for the sake of his laws. . . Look at the heaven and the earth and see everything that is in them, and recognize that God did not make them out of things that existed. Thus also mankind comes into being.
  • 338 Nothing exists that does not owe its existence to God the Creator. The world began when God's word drew it out of nothingness; all existent beings, all of nature, and all human history are rooted in this primordial event, the very genesis by which the world was constituted and time begun.
Ecumenical Council Documents
  • 4th General Council of the Lateran (1215)
    • Confession of Faith
      • "We firmly believe and simply confess that there is only one true God, eternal and immeasurable, almighty, unchangeable, incomprehensible and ineffable, Father, Son and holy Spirit, three persons but one absolutely simple essence, substance or nature. The Father is from none, the Son from the Father alone, and the holy Spirit from both equally, eternally without beginning or end; the Father generating, the Son being born, and the holy Spirit proceeding; consubstantial and coequal, co-omnipotent and coeternal; one principle of all things, creator of all things invisible and visible, spiritual and corporeal; who by his almighty power at the beginning of time created from nothing both spiritual and corporeal creatures, that is to say angelic and earthly, and then created human beings composed as it were of both spirit and body in common. The devil and other demons were created by God naturally good, but they became evil by their own doing. Man, however, sinned at the prompting of the devil. "

  • 1st General Council of the Vatican (1869)
    • Canons - 1. On God the creator of all things
      • 5. If anyone does not confess that the world and all things which are contained in it, both spiritual and material, were produced, according to their whole substance, out of nothing by God; or holds that God did not create by his will free from all necessity, but as necessarily as he necessarily loves himself; or denies that the world was created for the glory of God: let him be anathema.
Fathers and Doctors of the Church Documents
  • Against Heresies (Book 2) (180) - Against Heresies - Irenaeus
    • Chapter X - Perverse interpretations of Scripture by the heretics: God created all things out of nothing, and not from pre-existent matter.
      • "While men, indeed, cannot make anything out of nothing, but only out of matter already existing, yet God is in this point proeminently superior to men, that He Himself called into being the substance of His creation, when previously it had no existence. But the assertion that matter was produced from the Enthymesis of an AEon going astray, and that the AEon [referred to] was far separated from her Enthymesis, and that, again, her passion and feeling, apart from herself, became matter--is incredible, infatuated, impossible, and untenable."

  • De Civitate Dei (Book 12) (426) - City of God - Augustine
    • Chapter 1: That the Nature of the Angels, Both Good and Bad, is One and the Same.
      • "Thus, though it is not every creature that can be blessed (for beasts, trees, stones, and things of that kind have not this capacity), yet that creature which has the capacity cannot be blessed of itself, since it is created out of nothing, but only by Him by whom it has been created. For it is blessed by the possession of that whose loss makes it miserable."
      • "Accordingly we say that there is no unchangeable good but the one, true, blessed God; that the things which He made are indeed good because from Him, yet mutable because made not out of Him, but out of nothing."

  • Summa Theologica - On the Creation (1265) - The Highest Study of God - Thomas Aquinas
    • "Whether to Create Is to Make Something from Nothing?"
      • "On the contrary, On the text of Gen. 1, "In the beginning God created," etc., the gloss has, "To create is to make something from nothing."
      • "I answer that, As said above (Q. 44, A. 2), we must consider not only the emanation of a particular being from a particular agent, but also the emanation of all being from the universal cause, which is God; and this emanation we designate by the name of creation. Now what proceeds by particular emanation, is not presupposed to that emanation; as when a man is generated, he was not before, but man is made from "not-man," and white from "not-white." Hence if the emanation of the whole universal being from the first principle be considered, it is impossible that any being should be presupposed before this emanation. For nothing is the same as no being. Therefore as the generation of a man is from the "not-being" which is "not-man," so creation, which is the emanation of all being, is from the "not-being" which is "nothing."