God absolutely did not have to create anything to be perfectly happy. The Trinity of Persons is a perfect society that is totally complete and happy in and by Themselves. God, however, decided to create existence as we know it purely out of His goodness and in order to pour out His benefits. As St. Thomas Aquinas stated: "God does not act for His own profit, but only for His own Goodness."
|Divine Revelation (Scriptural Proof)|
- 4The Lord hath made all things for himself: the wicked also for the evil day. (Proverbs 16:4)
|Catechism of the Catholic Church|
- 1 God, infinitely perfect and blessed in himself, in a plan of sheer goodness freely created man to make him share in his own blessed life. For this reason, at every time and in every place, God draws close to man. He calls man to seek him, to know him, to love him with all his strength. He calls together all men, scattered and divided by sin, into the unity of his family, the Church. To accomplish this, when the fullness of time had come, God sent his Son as Redeemer and Savior. In his Son and through him, he invites men to become, in the Holy Spirit, his adopted children and thus heirs of his blessed life.
- 293 Scripture and Tradition never cease to teach and celebrate this fundamental truth: "The world was made for the glory of God." St. Bonaventure explains that God created all things "not to increase his glory, but to show it forth and to communicate it", for God has no other reason for creating than his love and goodness: "Creatures came into existence when the key of love opened his hand." The First Vatican Council explains:
This one, true God, of his own goodness and "almighty power", not for increasing his own beatitude, nor for attaining his perfection, but in order to manifest this perfection through the benefits which he bestows on creatures, with absolute freedom of counsel "and from the beginning of time, made out of nothing both orders of creatures, the spiritual and the corporeal. . ."
|Ecumenical Council Documents|
- 1st General Council of the Vatican (1869)
- Chapter 1 On God the creator of all things
- 3.This one true God, by his goodness and almighty power, not with the intention of increasing his happiness, nor indeed of obtaining happiness, but in order to manifest his perfection by the good things which he bestows on what he creates, by an absolutely free plan, together from the beginning of time brought into being from nothing the twofold created order, that is the spiritual and the bodily, the angelic and the earthly, and thereafter the human which is, in a way, common to both since it is composed of spirit and body ."
|Fathers and Doctors of the Church Documents|
- Against Heresies (Book 4) (180) - Against Heresies - Irenaeus
- Chapter XIX - If God demands obedience from man, if He formed man, called him and placed him under laws, it was merely for man's welfare; not that God stood in need of man, but that He graciously conferred upon man His favours in every possible manner.
- "1. In the beginning, therefore, did God form Adam, not as if He stood in need of man, but that He might have [someone] upon whom to confer His benefits."
- De Civitate Dei (Book 11) (426) - City of God - Augustine
- Chapter 24: Of the Divine Trinity, and the Indications of Its Presence Scattered Everywhere Among Its Works.
- "And by the words, God saw that it was good, it is sufficiently intimated that God made what was made not from any necessity, nor for the sake of supplying any want, but solely from His own goodness, i.e., because it was good. And this is stated after the creation had taken place, that there might be no doubt that the thing made satisfied the goodness on account of which it was made."
- Summa Theologica - Most Holy Trinity (1265) - The Highest Study of God - Thomas Aquinas
- "Whether the Trinity of the Divine Persons Can Be Known by Natural Reason?"
- "When we say that in Him there is a procession of love, we show that God produced creatures not because He needed them, nor because of any other extrinsic reason, but on account of the love of His own goodness. So Moses, when he had said, "In the beginning God created heaven and earth," subjoined, "God said, Let there be light," to manifest the divine Word; and then said, "God saw the light that it was good," to show proof of the divine love."
- Summa Theologica - On the Creation (1265) - The Highest Study of God - Thomas Aquinas
- "Whether God Is the Final Cause of All Things?"
- "Reply to Objection 1: To act from need belongs only to an imperfect agent, which by its nature is both agent and patient. But this does not belong to God, and therefore He alone is the most perfectly liberal giver, because He does not act for His own profit, but only for His own goodness.