✟ God the Creator ✟
The Divine Act of Creation
Revealed Truth (Defined Dogma)

God keeps all created things in existence.

Lay Catechist Notes/Associated Doctrines
    Besides creating all things, God must subsequently keep all things in existence by His Divine power. In a way, the preservation of created existence is really a continuation of the creative activity of God.

    Associated Catholic Doctrine(s):
    1. "God co-operates immediately in every act of His creatures." (sententia communis)
Divine Revelation (Scriptural Proof)
  • 3But thy providence, O Father, governeth it: for thou hast made a way even in the sea, and a most sure path among the waves, 4shewing that thou art able to save out of all things, yea though a man went to sea without art. (Wisdom 14:3-4)
  • 26And how could any thing endure, if thou wouldst not? or be preserved, if not called by thee. (Wisdom 11:26)
  • 3Who being the brightness of his glory, and the figure of his substance, and upholding all things by the word of his power, making purgation of sins, sitteth on the right hand of the majesty on high. (Hebrews 1:3)
Catechism of the Catholic Church
  • 301 With creation, God does not abandon his creatures to themselves. He not only gives them being and existence, but also, and at every moment, upholds and sustains them in being, enables them to act and brings them to their final end. Recognizing this utter dependence with respect to the Creator is a source of wisdom and freedom, of joy and confidence:
      For you love all things that exist, and detest none of the things that you have made; for you would not have made anything if you had hated it. How would anything have endured, if you had not willed it? Or how would anything not called forth by you have been preserved? You spare all things, for they are yours, O Lord, you who love the living.
Ecumenical Council Documents
  • 1st General Council of the Vatican (1869)
    • Chapter 1 - On God the creator of all things
      • "4.  Everything that God has brought into being he protects and governs by his providence , which reaches from one end of the earth to the other and orders all things well. All things are open and laid bare to his eyes, even those which will be brought about by the free activity of creatures."
Fathers and Doctors of the Church Documents
  • Summa Theologica - The One God (1265) - The Highest Study of God - Thomas Aquinas
    • "Whether Providence Can Suitably Be Attributed to God?"
      • I answer that,  It is necessary to attribute providence to God . For all the good that is in created things has been created by God, as was shown above (Q. 6, A. 4). In created things good is found not only as regards their substance, but also as regards their order towards an end and especially their last end, which, as was said above, is the divine goodness. This good of order existing in things created, is itself created by God. Since, however, God is the cause of things by His intellect, and thus it behooves that the type of every effect should pre-exist in Him, as is clear from what has gone before , it is necessary that the type of the order of things towards their end should pre-exist in the divine mind: and the type of things ordered towards an end is, properly speaking, providence. For it is the chief part of prudence, to which two other parts are directed—namely, remembrance of the past, and understanding of the present; inasmuch as from the remembrance of what is past and the understanding of what is present, we gather how to provide for the future. Now it belongs to prudence, according to the Philosopher (Ethic. vi, 12), to direct other things towards an end whether in regard to oneself—as for instance, a man is said to be prudent, who orders well his acts towards the end of life—or in regard to others subject to him, in a family, city or kingdom; in which sense it is said (Matt. 24:45), "a faithful and wise servant, whom his lord hath appointed over his family." In this way prudence or providence may suitably be attributed to God. For in God Himself there can be nothing ordered towards an end, since He is the last end. This type of order in things towards an end is therefore in God called providence. Whence Boethius says (De Consol. iv, 6) that " Providence is the divine type itself, seated in the Supreme Ruler; which disposeth all things ": which disposition may refer either to the type of the order of things towards an end, or to the type of the order of parts in the whole.

  • Summa Theologica - Government of Creatures (1265) - The Highest Study of God - Thomas Aquinas
    • "Whether the World Is Governed by Anyone?"
      • For as "it belongs to the best to produce the best," it is not fitting that the supreme goodness of God should produce things without giving them their perfection. Now a thing's ultimate perfection consists in the attainment of its end.  Therefore it belongs to the Divine goodness, as it brought things into existence, so to lead them to their end: and this is to govern .
      • Reply to Objection 2: In all created things there is a stable element, at least primary matter; and something belonging to movement, if under movement we include operation. And things need governing as to both: because even that which is stable, since it is created from nothing, would return to nothingness  were it not sustained by a governing hand , as will be explained later.