✟ God the Creator ✟
The Divine Work of Creation
Revealed Truth (Defined Dogma)

Man consists of two essential parts - a material body and a spiritual soul.

Lay Catechist Notes
    This truth is essential to most, if not all, of the subsequent truths revealed by God - it establishes the reality of the supernatural potential of every human being created. It is the soul that fulfills God's declaration; "Let us make man to our image." It is the human soul that ensures immortality to every human ever created - however, the soul must be alive (supernaturally) in order to enter in to its true destiny; Heaven.
Divine Revelation (Scriptural Proof)
  • 7And the Lord God formed man of the slime of the earth: and breathed into his face the breath of life, and man became a living soul. (Genesis 2:7)
  • 28And fear ye not them that kill the body, and are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him that can destroy both soul and body in hell. (Matthew 10:28)
Catechism of the Catholic Church
  • 362 The human person, created in the image of God, is a being at once corporeal and spiritual. The biblical account expresses this reality in symbolic language when it affirms that "then the LORD God formed man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being." Man, whole and entire, is therefore willed by God.
  • 362 The human person, created in the image of God, is a being at once corporeal and spiritual. The biblical account expresses this reality in symbolic language when it affirms that "then the LORD God formed man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being." Man, whole and entire, is therefore willed by God.
Ecumenical Council Documents
  • 4th General Council of the Lateran (1215)
    • 1 - Confession of Faith
      • "We firmly believe and simply confess that there is only one true God, eternal and immeasurable, almighty, unchangeable, incomprehensible and ineffable, Father, Son and holy Spirit, three persons but one absolutely simple essence, substance or nature. The Father is from none, the Son from the Father alone, and the holy Spirit from both equally, eternally without beginning or end; the Father generating, the Son being born, and the holy Spirit proceeding; consubstantial and coequal, co-omnipotent and coeternal; one principle of all things, creator of all things invisible and visible, spiritual and corporeal; who by his almighty power at the beginning of time created from nothing both spiritual and corporeal creatures, that is to say angelic and earthly, and then  created human beings composed as it were of both spirit and body in common . The devil and other demons were created by God naturally good, but they became evil by their own doing. Man, however, sinned at the prompting of the devil.

  • 1st General Council of the Vatican (1869)
    • Chapter 1 - On God the creator of all things
      • "3. This one true God, by his goodness and almighty power, not with the intention of increasing his happiness, nor indeed of obtaining happiness, but in order to manifest his perfection by the good things which he bestows on what he creates, by an absolutely free plan, together from the beginning of time brought into being from nothing the twofold created order, that is the spiritual and the bodily, the angelic and the earthly, and thereafter  the human which is, in a way, common to both since it is composed of spirit and body  "
Church Magisterium Documents
  • Familiaris Consortio (1981) - Family Partnership - John Paul II
    • "As an  incarnate spirit, that is a soul which expresses itself in a body and a body informed by an immortal spirit, man is called to love in his unified totality . Love includes the human body, and the body is made a sharer in spiritual love."
Fathers and Doctors of the Church Documents
  • Against Heresies (Book 5) (180) - Against Heresies - Irenaeus
    • Chapter VI  - God will bestow salvation upon the whole nature of man,  consisting of body and soul in close union , since the Word took it upon Him, and adorned with the gifts of the Holy Spirit, of whom our bodies are, and are termed, the temples. 
      • "1. Now God shall be glorified in His handiwork, fitting it so as to be conformable to, and modelled after, His own Son. For by the hands of the Father, that is, by the Son and the Holy Spirit, man, and not [merely] a part of man, was made in the likeness of God. Now  the soul and the spirit are certainly a part of the man, but certainly not the man; for the perfect man consists in the commingling and the union of the soul receiving the spirit of the Father, and the admixture of that fleshly nature  which was moulded after the image of God."

  • De Civitate Dei (Book 13) (426) - City of God - Augustine
    • Chapter 11: Whether One Can Both Be Living and Dead at the Same Time.
      • "For so long as the soul is in the body, especially if consciousness remain, the man certainly lives;  for body and soul constitute the man . And thus, before death, he cannot be said to be in death, but when, on the other hand, the soul has departed, and all bodily sensation is extinct, death is past, and the man is dead."
    • Chapter 24: How We Must Understand that Breathing of God by Which The First Man Was Made a Living Soul, And that Also by Which the Lord Conveyed His Spirit to His Disciples When He Said, Receive the Holy Ghost.
      • "On the contrary, it so thoroughly adopts it, that even while a man is alive, and  body and soul are united, it calls each of them singly by the name man , speaking of the soul as the inward man, and of the body as the outward man, 2 Corinthians 4:16 as if there were two men, though both together are indeed but one."

  • Summa Theologica - On Man (1265) - The Highest Study of God - Thomas Aquinas
    • Of Man Who Is Composed Of A Spiritual And A Corporeal Substance: And In The First Place, Concerning What Belongs To The Essence Of The Soul
      • Having treated of the spiritual and of the corporeal creature, we now proceed to treat of man,  who is composed of a spiritual and corporeal substance . We shall treat first of the nature of man, and secondly of his origin. Now the theologian considers the nature of man in relation to the soul; but not in relation to the body, except in so far as the body has relation to the soul. Hence the first object of our consideration will be the soul. And since Dionysius (Ang. Hier. xi) says that three things are to be found in spiritual substances—essence, power, and operation—we shall treat first of what belongs to the essence of the soul; secondly, of what belongs to its power; thirdly, of what belongs to its operation.
      • Concerning the first, two points have to be considered; the first is the nature of the soul considered in itself; the second is the union of the soul with the body. Under the first head there are seven points of inquiry .
        • (1) Whether the soul is a body?
        • (2) Whether the human soul is a subsistence?
        • (3) Whether the souls of brute animals are subsistent?
        • (4) Whether the soul is man, or is man composed of soul and body?
        • (5) Whether the soul is composed of matter and form?
        • (6) Whether the soul is incorruptible?
        • (7) Whether the soul is of the same species as an angel?
      • We now consider the union of the soul with the body; and concerning this there are eight points of inquiry:
        • (1) Whether the intellectual principle is united to the body as its form?
        • (2) Whether the intellectual principle is multiplied numerically according to the number of bodies; or is there one intelligence for all men?
        • (3) Whether in the body the form of which is an intellectual principle, there is some other soul?
        • (4) Whether in the body there is any other substantial form?
        • (5) Of the qualities required in the body of which the intellectual principle is the form?
        • (6) Whether it be united to such a body by means of another body?
        • (7) Whether by means of an accident?
        • (8) Whether the soul is wholly in each part of the body?