✟ God the Redeemer ✟
The Attributes of Christ's Human Nature
Revealed Truth (Defined Dogma)

The Son of God became man in order to redeem men.

Lay Catechist Notes
    When our first parents (Adam and Eve) sinned against God, all subsequent generations of mankind would be born without Sanctifying Grace and outside the friendship of God. This also implies that the "gates" of Heaven were closed to humanity. Yet, God Himself promised from the very beginning a savior who would ransom mankind from eternal death - Jesus Christ, the second Person of the Holy Trinity and the Word become flesh, was that Saviour and Redeemer of mankind.
Divine Revelation (Scriptural Proof)
  • 4Say to the fainthearted: Take courage, and fear not: behold your God will bring the revenge of recompense: God himself will come and will save you. (Isaiah 35:4)
  • 21And she shall bring forth a son: and thou shalt call his name JESUS. For he shall save his people from their sins. (Matthew 1:21)
  • 28Even as the Son of man is not come to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a redemption for many. (Matthew 20:28)
  • 10And the angel said to them: Fear not; for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, that shall be to all the people: 11For, this day, is born to you a Saviour, who is Christ the Lord, in the city of David. (Luke 2:10-11)
  • 29Now thou dost dismiss thy servant, O Lord, according to thy word in peace; 30Because my eyes have seen thy salvation, (Luke 2:29-30)
  • 9Jesus said to him: This day is salvation come to this house, because he also is a son of Abraham. 10For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost. (Luke 19:9-10)
  • 15A faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into this world to save sinners, of whom I am the chief. (1 Timothy 1:15)
  • 17For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him. (John 3:17)
Catechism of the Catholic Church
  • 432 The name "Jesus" signifies that the very name of God is present in the person of his Son, made man for the universal and definitive redemption from sins. It is the divine name that alone brings salvation, and henceforth all can invoke his name, for Jesus united himself to all men through his Incarnation, so that "there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved."
  • 517 Christ's whole life is a mystery of redemption. Redemption comes to us above all through the blood of his cross, but this mystery is at work throughout Christ's entire life: -already in his Incarnation through which by becoming poor he enriches us with his poverty; - in his hidden life which by his submission atones for our disobedience; - in his word which purifies its hearers; - in his healings and exorcisms by which "he took our infirmities and bore our diseases"; - and in his Resurrection by which he justifies us.
  • 601 The Scriptures had foretold this divine plan of salvation through the putting to death of "the righteous one, my Servant" as a mystery of universal redemption, that is, as the ransom that would free men from the slavery of sin. Citing a confession of faith that he himself had "received", St. Paul professes that "Christ died for our sins in accordance with the scriptures." In particular Jesus' redemptive death fulfils Isaiah's prophecy of the suffering Servant. Indeed Jesus himself explained the meaning of his life and death in the light of God's suffering Servant. After his Resurrection he gave this interpretation of the Scriptures to the disciples at Emmaus, and then to the apostles.
  • 613 Christ's death is both the Paschal sacrifice that accomplishes the definitive redemption of men, through "the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world", and the sacrifice of the New Covenant, which restores man to communion with God by reconciling him to God through the "blood of the covenant, which was poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins".
  • 621 Jesus freely offered himself for our salvation. Beforehand, during the Last Supper, he both symbolized this offering and made it really present: "This is my body which is given for you" (Lk 22:19).
  • 622 The redemption won by Christ consists in this, that he came "to give his life as a ransom for many" (Mt 20:28), that is, he "loved to the end" (Jn 13:1), so that they might be "ransomed from the futile ways inherited from fathers" (I Pt 1:18).
Ecumenical Council Documents
  • General Council of Ephesus (431)
    • Third letter of Cyril to Nestorius
      • "Even though he is called "the apostle and high priest of our confession", as offering to the God and Father the confession of faith we make to him and through him to the God and Father and also to the holy Spirit, again  we say that he is the natural and only-begotten Son of God and we shall not assign to another man apart from him the name and reality of priesthood. For he became the "mediator between God and humanity" and the establisher of peace between them, offering himself for an odour of sweetness to the God and Father ...Indeed, of what offering or sacrifice for himself would he have been in need, being as God superior to all manner of sin? For though "all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God", and so we are prone to disorder and human nature has fallen into the weakness of sin, he is not so and consequently we are behind him in glory.  How then can there be any further doubt that the true lamb was sacrificed for us and on our behalf ? The suggestion that he offered himself for himself as well as for us is impossible to separate from the charge of impiety. For he never committed a fault at all, nor did he sin in any way. What sort of offering would he need then since there was no sin for which offering might rightly be made?"

  • General Council of Florence (1431)
    • Monition of the council of Florence against the antipope Felix V
      • "Therefore, through the tender mercy of our God and by  the shedding of the precious blood of our lord Jesus Christ, in whom and by whom the redemption of the human race  and the foundation of holy mother church were effected..."

  • General Council of Trent (1545)
      • "But though  He died for all , yet all do not receive the benefit of His death, but those only to whom the merit of His passion is communicated; because as truly as men would not be born unjust, if they were not born through propagation of the seed of Adam, since by that propagation they contract through him, when they are conceived, injustice as their own, so if they were not born again in Christ, they would never be justified, since in that new birth there is bestowed upon them, through the merit of His passion, the grace by which they are made just. For this benefit the Apostle exhorts us always to give thanks to the Father, who hath made us worthy to be partakers of the lot of the saints in light, and hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath  translated us into the kingdom of the Son of his love, in whom we have redemption and remission of sins ."
      • "Now, they [the adults] are disposed to that justice when, aroused and aided by divine grace, receiving faith by hearing, they are moved freely toward God, believing to be true what has been divinely revealed and promised, especially that  the sinner is justified by God by his grace, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus ..."
Papal Encyclical Documents
  • Rerum Novarum (1891) - Of Revolutionary Change - Leo XIII
    • "Of this beneficent transformation Jesus Christ was at once the first cause and the final end; as from Him all came, so to Him was all to be brought back. For, when the human race, by the light of the Gospel message, came to know  the grand mystery of the Incarnation of the Word and the redemption of man , at once the life of Jesus Christ, God and Man, pervaded every race and nation, and interpenetrated them with His faith, His precepts, and His laws."

  • Magnae Dei Matris (1892) - The Great Mother - Leo XIII
    • "30. Especially is this so in the joyful mysteries, which end with the one in which Jesus, after manifesting His wisdom in the temple, came with Mary and Joseph to Nazareth and was subject to them, preparing, as it were, for the other mysteries which are more closely connected with  the instruction and the Redemption of mankind . From this all the members may understand that it is their duty to be devotees of the Rosary themselves and to be diligent in propagating deviation to it among others."

  • Sacerdotii Nostri Primordia (1959) - From the Beginning of our Priesthood - John XXIII
    • "53. For, if you give careful consideration to all of the activity of a priest, what is the main point of his apostolate if not seeing to it that wherever the Church lives, a people who are joined by the bonds of faith, regenerated by holy Baptism and cleansed of their faults will be gathered together around the sacred altar? It is then that the priest, using the sacred power he has received, offers the divine Sacrifice in which  Jesus Christ renews the unique immolation which He completed on Calvary for the redemption of mankind  and for the glory of His heavenly Father."

  • Deus Caritas Est (2005) - God is Love - Benedict XVI
      • 19. “If you see charity, you see the Trinity”, wrote Saint Augustine. In the foregoing reflections, we have been able to focus our attention on the Pierced one (cf. Jn 19:37, Zech 12:10), recognizing the plan of the Father who, moved by love (cf. Jn 3:16),  sent his only-begotten Son into the world to redeem man . By dying on the Cross—as Saint John tells us—Jesus “gave up his Spirit” (Jn 19:30), anticipating the gift of the Holy Spirit that he would make after his Resurrection (cf. Jn 20:22). This was to fulfil the promise of “rivers of living water” that would flow out of the hearts of believers, through the outpouring of the Spirit (cf. Jn 7:38-39)."
Fathers and Doctors of the Church Documents
  • De Fide (378) - Of Faith - Ambrose
    • Book III - Chapter 5
      • "36. The Lord's Cross, then, is my wisdom;  the Lord's Death my redemption for we are redeemed with His precious blood , as the Apostle Peter bath said. With His blood, then, as man,  the Lord redeemed us , Who also, as God, hath forgiven sins."
    • Book V - Chapter 8
      • "105. But in the faith of the Church one and the same is both Son of God the Father and Son of David. For  the mystery of the Incarnation of God is the salvation of the whole of creation , according to that which is written: "That without God He should taste death for every man;" that is, that every creature might be redeemed without any suffering at the price of the blood of the Lord's Divinity, as it stands elsewhere: " Every creature shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption ."