✟ God the Redeemer ✟
The Attributes of Christ's Human Nature
Revealed Truth (Defined Dogma)

Fallen man cannot redeem himself.

Lay Catechist Notes/Associated Doctrines
    To a finite human being, grave mortal sin appears finite. To an almighty and infinite God, a single mortal sin is an offense of infinite nature. Thus, an offense of infinite nature demands an atonement of infinite value - no mere human person can supply such an atonement. None but a Divine Person can perform such an atonement.

    Associated Catholic Doctrine(s):
    1. "God was not compelled to redeem mankind by either an internal or an external compulsion." (sententia certa)
    2. "Even on the presupposition of the Divine Resolve of Redemption, the Incarnation was not absolutely necessary." (sententia communis)
    3. "If God demanded a full atonement, the Incarnation of a Divine Person was necessary." (sententia communis)
Divine Revelation (Scriptural Proof)
Catechism of the Catholic Church
  • 604 By giving up his own Son for our sins, God manifests that his plan for us is one of benevolent love, prior to any merit on our part: "In this is love, not that we loved God but that he loved us and sent his Son to be the expiation for our sins." God "shows his love for us in that while we were yet sinners Christ died for us."
  • 620 Our salvation flows from God's initiative of love for us, because "he loved us and sent his Son to be the expiation for our sins" (I Jn 4:10). "God was in Christ reconciling the world to himself" (2 Cor 5:19).
Ecumenical Council Documents
  • General Council of Chalcedon (451)
    • The letter of Pope Leo to Flavian, bishop of Constantinople, about Eutyches
      • "His birth in time in no way subtracts from or adds to that divine and eternal birth of his: but its whole purpose is to restore humanity, who had been deceived, so that it might defeat death and, by its power, destroy the devil who held the power of death.  Overcoming the originator of sin and death would be beyond us, had not he whom sin could not defile, nor could death hold down, taken up our nature and made it his own . He was conceived from the holy Spirit inside the womb of the virgin mother. Her virginity was as untouched in giving him birth as it was in conceiving him.."

  • General Council of Trent (1545)
    • CHAPTER I -  The Impotency Of Nature And Of The Law To Justify Man
      • "The holy council declares first, that for a correct and clear understanding of the doctrine of justification, it is necessary that each one recognize and confess that since all men had lost innocence in the prevarication of Adam, having become unclean, and, as the Apostle says, by nature children of wrath, as has been set forth in the decree on original sin, they were so far the servants of sin and under the power of the devil and of death, that  not only the Gentiles by the force of nature, but not even the Jews by the very letter of the law of Moses, were able to be liberated or to rise therefrom , though free will, weakened as it was in its powers and downward bent, was by no means extinguished in them."
    • Canons Concerning Justification - Canon 1.
      • " If anyone says that man can be justified before God by his own works, whether done by his own natural powers or through the teaching of the law, without divine grace through Jesus Christ, let him be anathema ."
Church Magisterium Documents
  • Council of Orange (529) - - Catholic Church
    • "CANON 4. If anyone maintains that God awaits our will to be cleansed from sin, but does not confess that  even our will to be cleansed comes to us through the infusion and working of the Holy Spirit , he resists the Holy Spirit himself who says through Solomon, "The will is prepared by the Lord" (Prov. 8:35, LXX), and the salutary word of the Apostle, "For God is at work in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure" (Phil. 2:13)."
Fathers and Doctors of the Church Documents
  • De Fide (378) - Of Faith - Ambrose
    • Book III - Chapter 2
      • "8. But what is He Who is at once the Most High and man, what but  "the Mediator between God and man, the man Christ Jesus Who gave Himself as a ransom for us "? This place indeed refers properly to His Incarnation,  for our redemption was made by His Blood our pardon comes through His Power our life is secured through His Grace . He gives as the Most High, He prays as man. The one is the office of the Creator, the other of a Redeemer. Be the gifts as distinct as they may, yet the Giver is one, for it was fitting that our Maker should be our Redeemer."

  • On Grace and Free Will (426) - On Grace & Free Will - Augustine
    • Chapter 20 The Question Answered. Justification is Grace Simply and Entirely, Eternal Life is Reward and Grace.
      • "This question, then, seems to me to be by no means capable of solution, unless we understand that  even those good works of ours, which are recompensed with eternal life, belong to the grace of God , because of what is said by the Lord Jesus: Without me you can do nothing. John 15:5 And the apostle himself, after saying,  By grace are you saved through faith ; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God: not of works, lest any man should boast; Ephesians 2:8-9 saw, of course, the possibility that men would think from this statement that good works are not necessary to those who believe, but that faith alone suffices for them; and again, the possibility of men's boasting of their good works, as if they were of themselves capable of performing them."