✟ God the Sanctifier ✟
The Sacraments - Penance and Reconciliation
Penance and Reconciliation
- The Church has received from Christ the power of remitting sins committed after Baptism.
- By the Church's absolution sins are truly and immediately remitted.
- The Church's power to forgive sins extends to all sin without exception.
- The exercise of the Church's power to forgive sins is a judicial act.
- The forgiveness of sins which takes place in the tribunal of Penance is a true and proper sacrament, which is distinct from the Sacrament of Baptism.
- Extra-sacramental justification [Perfect Contrition] is effected by perfect sorrow only when it is associated with the desire for the Sacrament (votum sacramenti).
- Contrition springing from the motive of fear is a morally good and supernatural act.
- The sacramental confession of sins is ordained by God and is necessary for salvation.
- By virtue of Divine ordinance, all grievous sins according to kind and number, as well as those circumstances which alter their nature, are subject to the obligation of confession.
- The confession of venial sins is not necessary but is permitted and is useful.
- All temporal punishments for sin are not always remitted by God with the guilt of sin and the eternal punishment.
- The priest has the right and duty, according to the nature of the sins and the ability of the penitent, to impose salutary and appropriate works for satisfaction.
- Extra-sacramental penitential works, such as the performance of voluntary penitential practices and the patient bearing of trials sent by God, possess satisfactory value.
- The form of the Sacrament of Penance consists in the words of absolution.
- Absolution, in association with the acts of the penitent, effects the forgiveness of sins.
- The principal effect of the Sacrament of Penance is the reconciliation of the sinner with God.
- The Sacrament of Penance is necessary for salvation to those who, after Baptism, fall into grievous sin.
- The sole possessors of the Church's power of absolution are the bishops and priests.
- Absolution given by deacons, clerics or lower rank, and laymen is not sacramental absolution.
- The Sacrament of Penance can be received by any baptised person who, after Baptism, has committed a grievous or a venial sin.
- The Church possesses the power to grant Indulgences.
- The use of Indulgences is useful and salutary to the Faithful.